As the industry phased out CFCs and HCFCs, it had to develop new oils to use with newer refrigerants. These new oils are called synthetic oils. Synthetic oils are produced from processed petroleum in order to contain specific properties to work with new refrigerants.
FAQ refrigerant oil types
What type of oil is used in refrigerants?
Refrigerants that commonly used mineral oils were your CFC and HCFC refrigerants such as R-12, R-22, and R-502. Mineral oils can also be used with other refrigerants such as Ammonia or some Hydrocarbons as well. POE Oil, or Poly Olester Oil, is a synthetic oil that was designed to meet the needs of the changing refrigeration industry.
What are the different types of refrigerants?
The refrigerants which directly take part in the refrigeration system are called primary refrigerant. Primary refrigerants are used in domestic refrigerator and Air conditioning system etc. Primary refrigerants are R-11, R-12, R-21, R-143a, etc. iv)Inorganic compounds:- Ammonia, carbon-di-oxide, Sulfur dioxide, Air, etc.
Is your refrigerant fluid compatible with the different types of lubricant oil?
Today, a big variety of refrigerant fluids are in use, and because of this, it is necessary to check its compatibility with the different types of lubricant oil. The table below helps to choose the most adequate option.
What kind of oil does my R-22 refrigerant use?
Chances are that if you have an older R-22 unit installed that it is most likely using mineral oil. These types of oils have been used in refrigeration for decades. When HFC refrigerants began to gain popularity the use of mineral oils started to decline.
Refrigerants and Oils
Refrigerants — a quick overview | HVACR Distillery Episode 5
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